B. Tech students who are interested in higher studies always look forward to these two exams Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering and Engineering Services Examination. Even though the GATE and ESE syllabuses are quite similar, the type of question and the pattern of the exams are different. To succeed in these two examinations, one needs to get proper guidance and have a good Engineering Services Examination and GATE preparation strategy.

Aspirants often get confused while deciding if they should go for individual exams or both the exams. In this dilemma, one question that comes to their mind, again and again, is, how to prepare for GATE ESE together?

Read on to clear all your doubts regarding these two examinations and their preparation strategies.

What is the ESE Exam?

Every year UPSC conducts Engineering Services Examination to recruit engineers for the techno-managerial posts. Engineers are recruited in mainly four domains, these are civil, electrical, mechanical and electronics & telecommunications.

ESE is one of the most competitive and toughest exams in India thus earning high respect and status for IES officers. The competition ratio is near about 1:300.

Also Read: What to do after Completing Mechanical Engineering? GATE 2021 Can be Your Cup of Tea

ESE Examination Procedure can be Divided into Three Parts.

  • Prelims
  • Mains
  • Interview.

Topics in ESE 2021 Syllabus

  • Current affairs – objective
  • General aptitude – objective
  • Engineering aptitude – objective
  • Mathematics – objective
  • Technical subjects – objective and conventional.

Where Aspirants can Get Posted after Clearing The ESE Exam?

After successfully clearing through the whole process of ESE exam, one can get appointed in Ministries and Departments of the Government of India in the following sectors:

  • Railways
  • Telecom
  • Border roads
  • CPWD
  • Naval armaments
  • IDSE
  • MES
  • CWC
  • CPES
  • NHAI
  • Ordnance factories

What is the GATE Exam?

Every year seven IITs that include Bombay, Guwahati, Kharagpur, Madras, Roorkee, Delhi and Kanpur along with IISc Bangalore conduct the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering. This examination is a national level entrance exam for higher studies in Engineering.

Objective MCQ based examination Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering is considered to be a much easier exam when compared to Engineering Services Examination. It has a competition ratio of about 1:07.

This is the entrance examination for M. Tech into government and private institutes. The score obtained in this examination comes under consideration during PSU recruitments.

Topics in GATE 2021 Syllabus

Online GATE 2021 test will consist of multiple-choice and numerical type questions for 25 papers on Engineering.

The questions can be divided into three parts:

  • General aptitude
  • Engineering mathematics
  • Questions from respective papers.

How to Prepare for GATE and ESE Simultaneously?

Both the ESE and GATE syllabus have many common topics excluding some non-technical parts and some technical parts. Many students have chosen this option before and successfully managed good ranks in both the exams. Let’s see how to do that:

1. Topics:

As already mentioned, there are several topics like general aptitude, mathematics, technical subjects which are common in both the exams. So for these topics, you can practice the previous years’ papers of both GATE and ESE exam and prepare accordingly as per the respective exam patterns.

For topics which are not common like engineering aptitude, general English etc, you have to take out separate time and focus to crack both the exams.

2. Revision:

None of these exams is cakewalk so a tremendous amount of study is required for ranking well. While you indulge in covering the entire syllabus for both GATE and Engineering Services Examination, do not forget to keep revising the ones you already went through. As the ESE and GATE syllabus is huge, you might not get enough time to revise everything if you leave the revision part for the last minute.

3. Read Newspaper:

This is a very good method of enhancing your skills at general studies for the ESE exam and general English for GATE preparation. This will also keep you updated about what’s going on in your surroundings, which is generally a good thing.

4. Time Strategy:

Previous ESE and Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering toppers suggest that aspirants should take care of all the subjects simultaneously while preparing for ESE and GATE. It is advisable to follow a timetable that will eventually help you in moving ahead with the preparations for both the exams.

5. Better Question Selection Ability:

Time plays a huge role in any type of competitive examination so it becomes very important to select the questions smartly. Aspirants should keep this in mind while practising. This practice will help the candidate in every exam including Indian engineering services exam.

6. Expert Guidance:

When you are aiming for clearing both the GATE and ESE exam together, you must seek expert guidance. The syllabus is huge and without proper guidance, it is possible that you may get confused and lose the track. For getting proper guidance, you can get enrolled in some GATE preparation online classes which will also help you with your ESE preparations indirectly.

7. Balance:

GATE is an objective type exam while the ESE exam is both objective and conventional. While preparing for both the exams simultaneously, one must keep the requirement of the ESE exam in mind and prepare the theory part accordingly. For the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering, numerical problems should be studied as per the requirement.

Also Read: How online learning for GATE is better than offline tutorials

Best Books for GATE & ESE 2021 Preparation

Books are the unignorable part when it comes about preparing for any examination. For examinations like GATE, Indian engineering services exam and ESE too, books play an important role.

Some of the Best Books for GATE Preparation are:

  • Fundamentals of Electric Circuits by Charles K. Alexander, Matthew N. O. Sadiku
  • Automatic control systems by Benjamin C. Kuo
  • Digital Signal Processing by John G. Proakis, Dimitris G. Manolakis
  • Integrated Electronics by Jacob Millman, Christos Halkias, Chetan D. Parikh
  • A textbook on Strength of Materials by Dr U. C. Jindal.
  • Theory of Structures/ Analysis of Structure by Gupta & Pandit, C S Reddy.
  • Reinforced Concrete Design by Pillai & D. Menon.
  • Wastewater Treatment for Pollution Control by Soli J Arceivala
  • Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics by JM Smith
  • Essentials of Chemical Reaction Engineering by Fogler
  • An Insight into Chemical Engineering by M.Subbu.
  • Theory of Machine by SS Ratan
  • IC engine by Mathur Sharma

Many of these books will be helpful for ESE 2021 also.


We hope that many of your doubts regarding how to prepare for GATE ESE together have been addressed in this article and now you are all ready for giving your exam preparations a new boost.

So, how are you planning to start? Share your thoughts with us in the comment section below.