Now that you are preparing for the GATE Civil Engineering Exam, we’re here to discuss with you the next subject in the GATE exam syllabus for Civil Engineering, which is Environmental Science and Engineering.
So, If we take a simple analysis of the weightage of marks given to this topic out of 65.00 then Environmental Science and Engineering will get 08.50 marks roughly, which is about 13% of the paper.
So, what makes the Environmental Science and Engineering question paper difficult for many students is that it includes concepts from various other subjects. Also, brought together to get an application-based solution.
Hence, Let’s proceed so that you can formulate a study plan by which we can tackle this subject and achieve a better GATE score.
GATE Exam Syllabus for Civil Engineering Environmental Science and Engineering
To get a better GATE score on any paper, it is very important to understand the 2022 syllabus and the question paper pattern. Failing to do this can decrease your GATE score.
# Linear Algebra: Determinants and matrices, systems of linear equations, Eigenvalues and eigenvectors.
# Calculus: Functions, Limit, Continuity, Differentiability, Local maxima and minima, Taylor series, Tests for convergence, Definite and indefinite integrals, Application of definite integral to obtain area and volume, Partial and total derivatives.
# Differential Equations: Linear and non-linear first-order ordinary differential equations (ODE), Higher order linear ODEs with constant coefficients, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Laplace transform and its application in solving linear ODEs.
# Probability and Statistics: Descriptive statistics, Measurement of central tendency, Dispersion, Skewness and kurtosis, Probability concepts, Conditional probability, Bayes theorem, Risk and reliability, Probability distributions, Correlation, Single and multiple regression models, Hypothesis testing (t-test, F-test, chi-square test).
# Fundamentals of Environmental Chemistry: Covalent and ionic bonding; Chemical equations, concentration and activity; Structure and chemistry of organic molecules; Radioactivity of elements; Chemical equilibria; Thermodynamics and kinetics of chemical reactions.
# Principles of water chemistry: Water quality parameters and their measurement; Acid-base equilibria; Buffer solution; Carbonate system; Solubility of gases in water; Complexation, precipitation, and redox reactions; Inorganic and organic contaminants in water and their speciation.
# Soil chemistry; Organic matter, nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium, cation exchange capacity, base saturation, and sodium absorption ratio.
# Atmospheric Chemistry: Composition of the atmosphere; Reactivity of trace substances in the atmosphere; Urban atmosphere—smog and particulate pollution; Chemistry of ozone formation; Chemistry of stratosphere.
# Prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms; Characteristics of diverse groups of microorganisms; Classification of microorganisms; Microbial diversity; Plant-microbe and soil-microbe interactions; Role of microorganisms in wastewater treatment, bioremediation and biogeochemical cycling.
# Cell chemistry and cell biology: Structure of proteins, nucleic acid (DNA & RNA), lipids and polysaccharides; Bonds in biomolecules; Stereoisomerism in biomolecules; Structure of cell; Structure and function of cytoplasmic membrane, cell wall, outer membrane, glycocalyx, chromosomes, endospores, storage products, mitochondria and chloroplasts.
# Microbial metabolism: Anabolism and catabolism; Phosphorylation; Glycolysis; TCA cycle; Electron transport chain; Fermentation; Anaerobic respiration; Energy balances; Enzymes and Enzyme kinetics.
# Growth and control of microorganisms: Bacterial nutrition and growth; Specific growth rate and doubling time; Monod’s model; Types of culture media; Batch and continuous culture; Effects of environmental factors on growth; Control of microbes using physical and chemical methods.
# Microbiology and health: Pathogens and modes of transmission; Indicator organisms; Quantification of coliforms using MPN and membrane filtration techniques.
Water Resources and Environmental Hydraulics
# Global Water Resources: Structure, properties and distribution of water; Water quality; Threats to water resources; Water conservation.
# Surface Water Resources: Hydrological cycle and water balance – precipitation, infiltration, evapotranspiration, runoff; Flow hydrographs; Unit hydrographs; Stage-discharge relationship; Reservoir capacity; Reservoir and channel routing; Surface run-off models; Surface water management; Rainwater harvesting and storage.
# Groundwater Resources: Geologic formations as aquifers; Vadose and saturated zones; Confined and unconfined aquifers and their parameters – porosity, permeability, transmissivity and storage coefficient; Darcy’s law and applications; Steady-state well hydraulics.
# Environmental Hydraulics: Concepts of mechanics; Properties of fluids; Pressure measurement; Hydrostatic force on surfaces; Buoyancy and flotation; Laminar and turbulent flow; Flow through pipes; Pipe networks; Boundary layer theory; Forces on immersed bodies; Flow measurement in channels and pipes; Kinematics of flow; Continuity, momentum and energy equations; Channel hydraulics – specific energy, critical flow, hydraulic jump, rapid and gradually varied flow; Design of lined and unlined channels.
Water & Wastewater Treatment and Management
# Water and wastewater quality parameters; Eutrophication and thermal stratification in lakes; River pollution – Oxygen sag curve.
# Water treatment methods – screening, sedimentation with and without coagulation, filtration, desalination, disinfection; Water distribution and storage
# Point and non-point sources of wastewater; Population forecasting methods; Design of sewer and stormwater sewers; Sewer appurtenances; Preliminary, primary, secondary and tertiary sewage treatment; Sludge generation, processing and disposal methods; Sewage farming.
# Sources and characteristics of industrial effluents; Concept of Common Effluent Treatment Plants (CETP); Wastewater recycling and zero liquid discharge.
# Kinetics and reactor design: Mass and energy balance, Order and rate of reactions, Batch reactors, Completely mixed flow reactors, plug flow reactors.
Air and Noise Pollution
# Structure of the atmosphere; Natural and anthropogenic sources of pollution; Atmospheric sources, sinks, transport; Indoor air pollution; Effects on health and environment; Air pollution: gases and particulate matter; Air quality standards; Primary and secondary pollutants; Criteria pollutants, ambient and source standards, air quality indices, visibility.
# Particulate pollutants: measurement and control methods; Control of particulate air pollutants using gravitational settling chambers, cyclone separators, wet collectors, fabric filters (Bag-house filter), electrostatic precipitators (ESP).
# Gaseous Pollutants: Measurement and control methods; Control of gaseous contaminants: absorption, adsorption, condensation and combustion; Control of sulphur oxides, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, and hydrocarbons; Vapour-liquid and vapour-solid equilibria; Diffusion, Fick’s law and interfacial mass transfer.
# Automotive emission controls, fuel quality, diesel particulate filters, catalytic converters.
# Air quality management: Point, line and area sources; Inventory; Influence of meteorology – wind rose diagrams, stability, mixing height, topography, dispersion modelling, monitoring.
# Noise pollution: Sources; Health effects; Standards; Measurement and control methods.
Solid and Hazardous Waste Management
# Integrated solid waste management; Waste hierarchy; Rules and regulations for solid waste management in India.
# Municipal solid waste management: Sources, generation, characteristics, collection and transportation, waste processing and disposal (including reuse options, biological methods, energy recovery processes and landfilling).
# Hazardous waste management: Characteristics, generation, fate of materials in the environment, treatment and disposal.Soil contamination and leaching of contaminants into groundwater.
# Management of biomedical waste, plastic waste and E-waste: Sources, generation and characteristics; Waste management practices including storage, collection and transfer.
Global and Regional Environmental Issues
# Global effects of air pollution – Greenhouse gases, global warming, climate change, urban heat islands, acid rain, ozone hole.
# Ecology and various ecosystems; Biodiversity; Factors influencing the increase in population, energy consumption, and environmental degradation.
Environmental Management and Sustainable Development
# Environmental Management Systems; ISO14000 series; Environmental auditing: Environmental Impact Assessment; Life cycle assessment; Human health risk assessment
# Environmental Law and Policy – Objectives; Polluter pays principle, Precautionary principle; The Water and Air Acts with amendments; The Environment (Protection) Act (EPA) 1986; National Green Tribunal Act, 2010; National Environment Policy; Principles of International Law and International treaties.
# Energy and Environment: Energy sources – overview of resources and reserves; Renewable and non-renewable energy sources; Energy-Environment nexus.
# Sustainable Development: Definition and concepts of sustainable development; Sustainable development goals; Hurdles to sustainability; Environment and Economics.
What is Environmental Engineering?
Environmental Engineering is a part of Civil, Mechanical and Chemical engineering. This branch of Engineering works for protecting people from the adverse effects of the. It also works for the betterment of the environment.
What are the Important Topics to Cover in Environmental Science and Engineering?
# Quality characteristics of water: problems on hardness, Ph and permissible limits
# Sedimentation and coagulation
# Characteristics of sewage: problems on B.O.D
# Activated sludge process
# Air Pollution
Resources for Better GATE Score in Environmental Science and Engineering Question Paper
# Environmental Engineering by B.C. Punamia(Part I & II), S.K. Garg (Part-I & II), Peavy, Metcalf & Eddy
# Environmental Engineering by Gerard Kiely
Also, You should first prepare a topic for the competitive exam then solve subjective type MCQ questions of the same topic. Keep a time box, and try and complete the tasks you assign to yourself in that time itself. Furthermore, When taking a break, try to indulge in activities that do not distract you beyond your break time.
Have Less time for Environmental Science and Engineering Preparation?
So, If you have less time to prepare for the GATE competitive exam, consider hiring a personal tutor or joining an online course for GATE study plan and preparation. Also, Getting external help can prove beneficial.
There will be a fast understanding of concepts, quick clearance of doubts, online test series, motivation. So, They will help you understand your strengths and weaknesses. These things cannot be done by oneself alone, but certainly doing all of it yourself will take that much time. So act wisely. Take a decision depending on your situation.
Also Read : Gate vs IES – A Complete Analysis
Tips to Get Better GATE Score in Environment Science and Engineering
Environment Science and Engineering part of the GATE Civil Engineering paper is a very important part as it carries a 13% mark of the entire paper. For achieving a good GATE score, understand the GATE exam syllabus for Civil Engineering, make a study plan. understand the pattern of the question paper.
For achieving a good score in any competitive exam, practice plays a major role. So it is always advisable to look for some best online test series and focus on those. Go through the previous year papers as well and solve them.
Hopefully, this article has helped you with all your queries regarding the Environmental Science and Engineering paper for GATE online tests. So how are you planning to start preparing for the competitive exam? Share your thoughts in the comment box below.